Byard Families
 Genealogy Pages

James Pearl BYARD

Male 1838 - Bef 1904  (65 years)


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name James Pearl BYARD  [1, 2
    Born 30 Sep 1838  Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    • Event Description: Sedgwick's vital records
    Gender Male 
    Census 1850  Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Census 1860  Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Residence 1 Jul 1863  Bolinas, Marin, California, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Census 2 Jul 1870  Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Census 7 Jun 1880  Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Alt. Death 1900  [4
    Family ID US01 
    Died Bef 14 Sep 1904  Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Record Change 2 May 2009 
    Reference Number USA6665 
    Person ID I12281  Byard Families
    Last Modified 17 Dec 2016 

    Father Hezekiah Dodge BYARD,   b. 25 May 1810, Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 May 1892, Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years) 
    Mother Maria TRUSSELL,   b. 17 Jan 1811, Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Jan 1906, Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 94 years) 
    Married 8 Dec 1831  Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Family ID F4443  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Mary Eleanor MEANS,   b. 5 Nov 1844, Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Feb 1921, Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years) 
    Married 26 Oct 1866  Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. George Means BYARD,   b. 23 Sep 1868, Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Sep 1941, Rockland, Knox, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
     2. Harold James BYARD,   b. 9 Apr 1876, Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Nov 1946, Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years)
    Last Modified 17 Dec 2016 
    Family ID F3785  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 30 Sep 1838 - Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1850 - Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1860 - Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1 Jul 1863 - Bolinas, Marin, California, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 26 Oct 1866 - Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 2 Jul 1870 - Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 7 Jun 1880 - Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Bef 14 Sep 1904 - Maine, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Notes 
    • Ancestry.com

      1850 US Census for Sedgwick, Hancock County, Maine - August 13, 1850

      James, age 11, was living at home and attending school in Sedgwick

      1860 U. S. Federal Census for Sedgwick, Hancock, Maine - June 19, 1860

      James lived with his parents and was employed as a sailor.

      -----------------------------------

      Ancestry.com

      U.S., Civil War Draft Registrations Records, 1863-1865 - July 1, 1863

      Bolinas, Marin County, California

      James, age 25 and single, was in Bolinas with his older brother George who was now married and living in Bolinas. On the Draft Registration, James was listed as a mariner. I don't know if these two brothers sailed to California together or if George had arrived first and then asked James to come visit. Both brothers were listed as Class I, "subject to do military duty between the ages of twenty and thirty-five years...." I haven't found any records to show that they actually served as soldiers during the Civil War.

      --------------------------------------

      Ancestry.com

      1870 United States Federal Census Record for Sedgwick - July 2, 1870

      James, age 31, was listed as "a retail merchant" who seems to have done quite well financially. He stated his real estate value was $2,000 and his personal estate was $3,500. It was probably at this time that he and his brother-in-law, Capt. Samuel Herrick, were co-owners of the Herrick and Byard Store in Sedgwick.

      My notes: The property next to theirs, on one side, was the home of Rufus Cole and his family and on ther other side of Rufus lived James' sister, Frances and her husband Samuel Herrick.

      ---------------------------------------

      www.ancestry.com

      Selected U.S. Federal Census Non-Population Schedules, 1850-1880 - Sedgwick

      Productions of Agriculture - 1 June,1880

      James owned 23 acres of improved land (tilled) and 30 acres of permanent land that consisted of meadows, or pastures or orchards and vineyards. He owned 80 acres of woodland and forest. The value of his farm (including land, fences and building) was $3,000 and he owned $100 worth of farm implements and machinery. His livestock was worth $300 and the cost of building and repairing in 1879 was $25. He spent $250 during 1879 for farm laborer's wages and employed workers for 52 weeks in 1879. An estimated value of all farm productions (sold, consumed or on hand) for 1879 was $400. In 1879, he'd had 60 acres mown and 3 acres not mowed. He harvested 15 tons of hay in 1879. In June 1, 1880 he had one horse, 2 working oxen, 3 milk cows and 2 "Other." In 1879, three calves had been born, 2 cattle had been purchased and 3 live cattle had been sold. In 1879, 500 lbs of buttermilk had been made on the farm. By June 1, 1880, James had purchased 2 sheep, had 1 swine on hand, 25 barnyard poultry (excluding new born chicks) and for the year 1879, 500 dozen eggs had been produced.

      There's more to record about his farm but I just wanted to get a sense of what his life with Mary and their sons was like during that time, especially since life was to later change drastically for the entire family.

      --------------------------------------

      " Sedgwick, Maine - A Record of Business, 1782-1976, compiled by the Sedgwick Bicentennial Committee, 1976"

      "General Store. This is probably one of the oldest buildings in Sedgwick for there are references to it as a 'very old stand'. It is reported that the upstairs hall was used as a meeting place for a time by a remnant of the Congregational Church that did not turn Baptist in 1805 under the leadership of Rev. Daniel Merrill. The early meetings of Eggemoggin (Masonic) Lodge were held in Herricks Hall after it was organized in 1865 and until the Masonic Hall was built in 1872. Captain Samuel Herrick retired from the sea after the Civil War and opened a store in partnership with James Byard under the firm name of Herrick & Byard. In 1884 he (Herrick) took a new partner, F.A. Smith."

      On Xana Hansen's website devoted to Sedgwick, Maine there's a photograph of the Herrick and Byard store at this URL: http://www.rootsweb.com/~mesedgwi/herrick.htm Among the people standing out in front of the store are possibly James and his wife Mary, dressed in their finest Sunday clothes for this photograph, along with Capt. Herrick and Frances. It's interesting to see black people in the photograph since I've never heard anything about a black population in Sedgwick. I'd love to hear from anyone who might know about their history in that area.

      Capt. Herrick and James Pearl Byard were also co-owners of two ships (that I know of) mentioned in an article "When the We're Here Sailed Into Sedgwick With Horns Blowing" by a former resident of Sedgwick, Jacob F. Coombs. This article can also be found on Xana Hansen's website: http://www.rootsweb.com/~mesedgwi/we-re_here.html

      Jacob Coombs wrote: "Herrick & Byard, the well-known firm, were the leading merchants in our village and W. G. Sargent & Son at Sargentville, which is part of the town. Herrick and Byard were owners of the We're Here and also the Amelia Cobb. There were at least two other bankers, the Irving Leslie and the Louise, which hailed from Sedgwick. I think Dr. Hagerthy was owner or part-owner of the latter vessels."

      My notes: James had a younger brother, Capt. Edward Alphonso Byard, who sailed most of his life and was often the commander of the We’re Here, named for the fictitious ship from Gloucester, Massachusetts in Rudyard Kipling’s story called "Captains Courageous" published in 1897. However, since the author of this article believes that James Byard and Capt. Herrick purchased the We’re Here from Beverly, Massachusetts in 1880 or so, perhaps it was Rudyard Kipling who copied the name of their ship for his novel, published 17 years later.

      Another excerpt from the article:

      "Sedgwick was quite a baiting station. Many bankers from Lamoine, Orland and Bucksport, came here for their bait. I recall we would go to the H & B (Herrick and Byard) wharf and get an empty barrel and half bushel of salt. We would proceed as the tide served to dig the clams and "shock" them out during the high tide. After perhaps a week of toil, the barrel would be filled, then we would take it to the H & B wharf. The barrel would be unheaded and inspected by "Abram" and if it passed the test a check for $3 to $4 would be given us, which could be exchanged for goods from the store."

      "Herrick & Byard was the leading firm here at the village for many years. Many changes have been made since they dissolved."

      My notes: I’m not certain their partnership "dissolved" in the way business partnerships often do. Capt. Herrick may have had some harsh words to say about being forced to find a new partner, in a moment’s notice, unless he knew (doubtful) that James was about to perform a "disappearing act." More about that later.

      ---------------------------------------

      Ancestry.com

      Bangor Daily Whig and Courier (Bangor, Maine) Feb. 2, 1874

      "MASONIC INSTALLATIONS AND DEDICATONS. Mr. Editor: - On Wednesday last, Naskeag Lodge, F. and A. M., was constituted at Brooklin, the officers installed, and a new and fine Masonic Hall dedicated....there was a very large attendance, despite the stormy weather....At the conclusion of the ceremonies the whole party partook of a capital supper in the hall below, and the occasion was much enjoyed by all present."

      "On Thursday, the same gentlemen who officiated at the dedication and installation proceeded to Sedgwick, to perform similar duties. A new, large and convenient hall has just been completed at Sedgwick by Eggemoggin Lodge, and it was dedicated in due form, and the following officers installed....."

      "Jas. P. Byard, J. D." was one of the officers. I don't know what J. D. stands for.

      ----------------------------------------

      http://files.usgwarchives.org/me/hancock/directories/business/1883/sed g wick311gms.txt

      James and his brother-in-law, Samuel Herrick, were listed on this website as merchants, owning a general store in Sedgwick and also were manufacturers of paving blocks.

      -----------------------------------------

      Ancestry.com

      1880 U. S. Federal Census for Sedgwick - June 7, 1880

      James, age 40, was head of the household, married with two sons and a Sedgwick merchant. His mother-in-law, Martha Means, was also living with the family.

      ------------------------------------------

      Google book search:

      Hoyt, Edmund S., and G. M. Donham. Maine State Year-Book, and Legislative Manual. Portland: Hoyt & Fogg, 1800s.

      Annual Register of Maine - HANCOCK COUNTY

      Mines - Page 346

      "Candage Copper Mining Co. - A. C. Hagerthy, Sedgwick, president; J. P. Byard, treasurer."

      SEDGWICK - 1880 - Page 363

      Justices: James P. Byard, April 21, 1880 (Justice of the Peace)

      Merchants: Herrick & Byard

      --------------------------------------------

      http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/b/y/a/Barclay-L-Byard/WEBSI TE-0001/UHP-0010.html

      " James Pearl was a selectman in 1882..."

      -------------------------------------------

      Google book search:

      My notes: I've included this little episode about the We're Here just to illustrate how perilous a mariner's life could be.

      United States. 1800s. Annual report of the operations of the United States Life-Saving Service for the fiscal year ending. Washington: G.P.O., pp. 153-154

      "December 6 (1882) - On this date, at an early hour, during the prevalence of a hard southerly gale with thick rainy weather, the schooner We're Here, of Sedgwick, Maine, bound from Boston to Sedgwick, in ballast, which had sought refuge from the gale in Seal Harbor, inside White Head Island, coast of Maine, dragged her anchors and drifted afoul of the schooner E. M. Branscom, of Ellsworth, Maine, bound from Franklin, Maine, to New York with a cargo of staves and heading, which had also anchored in the harbor. The Branscom had a crew of four men and the other vessel three. Owing to the heavy sea running considerable damage was done, the We're Here carrying away her jib-boom and all attached, besides injuring her cutwater, while the Branscom had her bulwarks and yawl badly stove. The crew of the White Head Island Station (First District), located about a mile from the scene of the accident, were quickly on hand, and rendered effective service to both vessels in getting them apart and repairing their damage, the task being an all-day one, keeping them busy until 6 in the evening."

      p. 262 - Captain Gross was the master during this event.

      ----------------------------------------------------

      James Pearl Byard, Esq. was able to perform certain legal duties and as he was listed as a Justice of the Peace in Sedgwick which allowed him to perform marriages. Two of those marriages I found here:

      www.mnopltd.com/jean/

      "Index of DEATHS and MARRIAGES as published in the ELLSWORTH HERALD its successor, the ELLSWORTH AMERICAN October 24, 1851 through December 29, 1865"

      http://www.mnopltd.com/jean/her174-1274.html

      Marriages, 1873

      "Nov. 15, by J. P. Byard, Esq., Mr. JAMES HENDERSON and Miss ELIZABETH J. DUFFIE, both of Bluehill."

      "3rd inst., by J. P. Byard, Esq., Capt. OLIVER L. CANDAGE and Mrs. MARY E. MORSE, both of Bluehill."

      ----------------------------------------------------

      Ancestry.com

      1880 U. S. Federal Census for Sedgwick - June 8, 1880

      James was still listed as a merchant. Mary was a housekeeper and their son, George, age 11, was attending school and little Harold was a four year old. Mary’s mother, Martha Means, age 59, was living with the family at that time. Martha's husband, Daniel, had died in 1874 and it’s possible that Martha moved in with James and Mary soon after his death. It's also possible that James and Mary had moved in with Martha. She had a very large home with room to spare.

      Speculation about a mother-in-law moving in with a family suggests (in the 21st century at least) that trouble is just around the corner. That was not necessarily the attitude in the 1880s. Families were expected to take care of their elderly parents, no matter how infirmed or demented they may have been, and most of the elderly died in their own homes or in the homes of their children which is perhaps why James disappeared some time between 1882 (when he was a Selectman) and 1884 when Capt. Herrick had to find a new partner for the Herrick and Byard Store.

      One evening in the mid-1800s, James said goodby to his family as he was about to attend the regularly scheduled Mason's meeting in Sedgwick. He didn't return home that night, nor the morning, nor in the afternoon nor the next night. Mary, beside herself with worry, didn't learn for several days that James and a local school teacher left on a schooner bound for California! I can imagine that this disappearance caused great despair for many of the people in James' life, including his young sons. James' little sister, Nellie, had been a school teacher and it's possible that he met the young woman through her friendship with Nellie.

      I searched census information in California, wondering if James had decided to live with his "girl friend" near his brother, George Augustus Byard (my ancestor) or his brother, Henry Florentin Byard, who also lived in California but I had no luck finding him anywhere.

      Then something unexpectged happened. In 2002, I received this e-mail from Barclay Byard, James Pearl's Great Grandson:

      "Up-date on James Pearl Byard. Hancock County Maine Probate Registry reveals that JPB died in Sedgwick, ME during 1902, no specific DOD. Documents filed by his two sons and wife leave no doubt that this is the long-sought JPB."

      So the story ends but it doesn't answer any of our questions. We don't even know where James was buried. With the family or off alone in some corner of an overgrown cemetery designed for men who abandoned their families? Could be.

      I was told about James Pearl's disappearance by his descendant, Barclay Byard whose mother had heard it through the wife of one of James and Mary's sons. This is what happened, in Barclay's words:

      http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/b/y/a/Barclay-L-Byard/ WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0010.html

      Byardsearcher added this on 18 Jun 2011

  • Sources 
    1. [S153] Rootsweb.

    2. [S87] Public Member Trees, Ancestry.com, (Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2006;), Database online. (Reliability: 0).
      Record for Hezekiah Dodge Byard

    3. [S120] Census, Ancestry 1870 (Reliability: 0).

    4. [S124] Ancestry, jgbyard (Reliability: 0).

    5. [S89] Genealogy.com, Barclay Byard (Reliability: 0).